I did a 6-month internship in Amsterdam and as a first experience abroad, let me tell you this was AWESOME. I fell in love with the city and had wonderful colleagues and teammates. I definitely had one of the best time of my life there. I also wrote a handful of articles on my blog that might be useful to you to understand the culture and a few that I hope could be handy if you want to visit or move to Amsterdam. I'll finish with the following quote from John Green: Some tourists think Amsterdam is a city of sin, but in truth it is a city of freedom. And in freedom, most people find sin.
I worked in a startup at Rockstart, an incubator located in Herengracht which is the street named after the canal that separate both sides of the street. This canal among the other ones (Prinsengracht, Singelgracht and Keizersgracht) which are all concentric in Amsterdam are part of the UNESCO heritage. You can read more about it here.
Amsterdam hosts the biggest museum in Netherlands: the Rijksmuseum. I'm not really fond of museum but visited it twice, once in the blink of an eye before its closing and once for 4 hours, the time needed to bore me and my family :) And to be honest, I enjoyed it and recommend friends to visit it if they have enough time during their stay.
In Winter for a couple of months, Amsterdam holds the Light Festival during which the city exposes a few art pieces playing with light.
A set of pictures of surroundings of Centraal Station, Amstel and canals riversides, Gaasperplatz park and a few night pictures from Houthaven.